The world is going ‘green’ – whether it is lifestyle, automobiles, furniture and even architecture – the mantra is to adopt eco-friendly measures and protect the Earth. Architecture has been given a new environmental friendly dimension and here are ten such innovative architectural designs that have incorporated solar energy for powering the buildings:
1. Worldâs largest solar building
The largest solar-powered building in the world, has recently been inaugurated in Dezhou, located in the northwest province of China called Shangdong. The property is spread across a massive area of 75,000 square meters and would primarily be housing offices. The design of the building is inspired by the structure of a Sun dial. Apart from offices, the building would also include spaces for research facilities, exhibitions, meetings and trainings as well as a sustainable hotel. Apart from tapping solar energy on a huge scale, the construction of the building has also been done in a green way by saving 30 percent energy. The building would also be hosting the 4th World Solar City Congress.
2. Eco house by Spanish design firm DesiÃ±o Earle
This modern and sustainable house has been designed by DesiÃ±o Earle from Spain. This house is powered by solar energy and has all the features required for modern, eco-friendly living. The design of the house is very trendy as the designer has managed to maintain the aesthetic appeal of the villa by hiding the solar panels on the roof by constructing a second roof that is given a steep 45′ angle. In this way, the house looks very elegant and the solar panels are also exposed to optimum sunlight to enable their functioning. The presence of a dual roof also enables good ventilation and the louver system in the walls also ensures that the inside remains cooler during the day and warmer during the night. The house will also be powered by geothermal generator on days when the Sun is not out or if the solar panels fail.
3. Solar powered stadium by Toyo Ito in Taiwan
This dragon-like sustainable solar-powered stadium, is located in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, and is the brainchild of Toyo Ito, Japanese architects. This remarkable building has 8,844 solar panels affixed on to the roof and can accommodate 50,000 people. The structure has been built out of raw materials from Taiwan which are entirely reusable. The structure is spread across 19 hectares of land apart from 7 hectares that would be used for green public spaces, an ecological pond, sports parks and biking paths. This stadium would be the biggest solar-powered stadium in Asia!
4. Solar-powered Monte Rosa Alpine Hut
The Monte Rosa Alpine Hut is remotely located in the Swiss Alps and is a sustainable building that has a very futuristic appeal. This ultra-modern design combined with high-tech building technology, is 90 percent self sufficient in energy.
5. Stadium Franco Sensi: Romeâs Solar-Powered Stadium
The Stadium Franco Sensi is a project that is not yet completed. Designed by Gino Zavanella, the stadium has a futuristic look and a design wherein the entire structure is plastered with photovoltaic cells. The stadium would be built in Rome, Italy and would also include a ‘football museum’, lounges, restaurants and bars apart from the stadium. The outside of the stadium would have an LED screen that would read out messages.
6. Masdar Institute Campus: Abu Dhabiâs Eco-structure
The UAE, apart from being a great producer of oil has now begun to take a keen interest in reducing its carbon footprint. The Masdar City in Abu Dhabi now has the Masdar Institute Campus which is a sustainable building designed and built by Foster and Partners. The building is solar powered and would be producing more energy than it would actually need. The remaining surplus energy would be used to power the neighborhood.
7. BMW Welt: Solar-powered Masterpiece in Munich
The design of the latest building called the BMW Welt, is a green tribute to the German auto engineering giant – BMW. The building has been designed by a world famous architect called Wolf Prix of COOP HIMMELB(L)AU and would serve as the company’s office for vehicle delivery and development in brand experience. Located in Munich, the building will have a ‘cloud roof’ that would comprise of 3660 solar cells that would provide a minimum of 824 kWp (kilowatt-peak) power capacity. The inside would having surfaces that are thermally efficient and therefore the requirement for air conditioning would be reduced as there would also be good air ventilation.
8. Solar Plaza Fargo
Located in North Dakota, USA, the Solar Plaza Fargo would be a great architectural example of how structures can be sustainable. The building would be covered by multitude solar panels covered by glass. The Solar Plaza would provide a one-stop for entertainment, food and shopping galore. The structure would also make optimum use of daylight with its glass exterior and parametric design. The mega structure would produce around 70 thousand kWh units/month which would be half of the requirements of the building.
9. Solar building in Vatican, Europeâs largest solar power plant
The Vatican is going green in so many ways and architecture is one of them. The country has announced its decision to expend $ 660 million for building a solar power plant – which is touted to be the biggest in the whole of Europe. The plant would generate energy to provide power to 40 thousand homes – which is nine times the amount of the energy that the Vatican actually requires!
10. Sanzpontâs Busan Opera House has a Gargantuan Green-Roof
The Busan Opera House in Korea is a sustainable architectural marvel and has been designed by Sanzpont. The outer skin of the structure would be fitted with LED so as to provide illumination at night. During the day time, the outer skin or facade harnesses solar energy through the solar panels fitted within. The structure also has many green terraces and a gargantuan green roof top for the visitors to enjoy. The green patches on the structure enable cooling of the building and are also a great source of oxygen!